What are the Common Types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

Also known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are typically transmitted from one individual to the other through sexual intercourse. Some examples of STDs include genital herpes, HIV, crabs, chlamydia, etc. While some can be cured, others like HIV may require lifetime monitoring to suppress the virus causing it. The Human Immune Virus (HIV) includes various modes of transmission. For instance, it can be transmitted through sexual contact and the use of unsterilized drug needles. Generally, STDs can affect anyone regardless of their hygiene standards or sexual orientation. Moreover, numerous STDs can be contracted following nonpenetrative sexual activities. Check below to discover the common sexually transmitted diseases and preventative measures.

Genital Herpes

Genital herpes includes a common STD that affects the genitals, cervix, or skin. This STI is caused by a virus known as herpes simplex virus (HSV) and can affect other parts of the body as well. HSV is usually classified into two HSV-1 AND HSV-2.

HSV- commonly infects the mouth. This virus can be spread if an individual has a herpes-related sore or via saliva exchange. Also, it can be passed to the genitals through anal or oral sex. Most people with genital herpes will not develop signs since the disease usually remains dormant.


Chlamydia disease results when one gets infected with Chlamydia trachomatis. This infection is commonly spread through oral, vaginal, or anal sex. Additionally, chlamydia can also be spread during childbirth. Chlamydia trachomatis infection normally has no symptoms. But one may experience symptoms such as a burning sensation when urinating and vaginal discharge. However, if unattended it can result in severe complications such as infertility. Therefore, it is best to seek treatment as early as possible. The good news is that you can get online treatment for STD with CallonDoc.

Human Immune Virus (HIV)

Generally, the Human Immune Virus attacks the immune system making it too weak to counter infections. HIV can be spread through various means including sexual contact, sharing unsterilized equipment, and body fluids exchange. Persons infected with HIV have increased chances of attacks from other STDs following their weak immune system. While HIV cannot be cured, its treatment helps lower the viral load present in the body. Also, you must take the drugs prescribed by your doctor without missing or ceasing dosage.

Hepatitis B

If untreated, hepatitis B can result in a long-term infection thus causing liver damage. Hepatitis B is caused by a virus that can remain in bodily fluids such as blood and semen. While hepatitis B can be transmitted from the mother to a child during birth, your doctor can take preventative measures to ensure no transmission occurs.

Other common STDs include gonorrhea, syphilis, chancroid, human papillomavirus, scabies, and trichomonas’s.

Preventative Measures

While we may not be entirely safe from contracting STDs, you can adhere to some preventative measures to help keep you safe. Some of the ways to keep safe include receiving vaccinations for some infections, maintaining hygiene standards, avoiding sharing sharp objects, abstinence and not having more than one partner. Also, you can consider using barrier methods to help prevent the spread of these diseases.

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